Submitted by: Dynamic Conveyor

Conveyor systems are necessary to automate food processing and food manufacturing plants. Conveyors are a critical element in the facility’s operational efficiency and ultimately, the company’s profitability. Conveyor technology is advancing and there are several things to consider before automatically choosing to purchase another stainless steel conveyor. The following checklist can help you determine what type of conveyor system is most suitable where operational efficiency and profitability are of high importance:

1.Ease of Cleaning

In the food processing industry, the ease of which you are able to clean a conveyor system is imperative. Look for a conveyor with a simple design that is easy to take apart for quick cleaning and sanitizing. A good design will allow you to take the conveyor apart without the use of tools. Make sure all equipment parts are accessible for cleaning and are self-draining with no product or liquid collection points. Consider the color of your conveyor. Conveyor color, such as blue, can aid in the visual identification of soil and food particles. With the right conveyor, you can greatly reduce your risk of product contamination and recall.

2. Longevity

The right conveyor system will be made of components that are chemical and corrosion resistant in order to handle the rigors of frequent cleaning and sanitizing. Conveyor sidewalls and product retaining walls made of plastic will not splinter, rot or retain harmful bacteria, odors or cleaning agents. When made of impact resistant plastic material, conveyor components – including conveyor sidewalls – are cost-effective to replace when damage is done or conveyor design changes are needed.

3. Cost of ownership

Look beyond the initial purchase price when considering the cost of the conveyor system. Don’t forget to consider the cost of operating and maintaining the system. The labor and resources needed for cleaning the conveyor can quickly become your largest cost. Look for a conveyor with minimal parts and the ability to clean it quickly and efficiently. Remember, you want your conveyor to spend most of its time making you money, not costing you money.

4. Ease of maintenance

Maintenance and uptime can affect productivity. Determine what type of maintenance your new system will need. Consider motors with a hermetically sealed design that ensures internal parts are not exposed to external environmental conditions and tampering. Look for feed rollers that are bearing-free and tensionless belts that are self-tracking.  

5. Configuration options

Conveyor systems should go wherever you need them to go. Make sure your new system includes configuration options like inclines/declines, product containment, flights and scoops that will give you the throughput needed to move your product through your process in the smallest footprint possible.

6. System compatibility

Conveyor systems should be compatible with your other processing equipment. Look for a conveyor supplier who not only sells conveyor units, but will partner with you to engineer a conveyor system that maximizes the productivity of your process. Partnering with a custom conveyor manufacturer will result in a conveyor system designed to optimize your output.

7. Belting options

Choose a vendor that offers a wide range of belt types and styles. The option to choose solid-surface, link style or metal mesh belting for your conveyor will give you ideal conveyance of your food product whether it is dry, wet or sticky. Consideration for belting flow-through properties needs to be given when there is the requirement to batter, bread, glaze, coat, cool, drain, dry or wash product while being conveyed. Look for a conveyor system that includes belting that is self-tracking, provides good wear, performance, and service.

8. Safety

As with any mechanical and electrical device, conveyors can present some safety concerns. Look for a conveyor system where all of the moving parts – such as chains, belts and sprockets – are not accessible to fingers, hands and loose clothing. The safest conveyors are designed without sharp edges and ensure that all moving parts are self-contained or guarding is in place.

9. Cost and method of installation

The cost of installing your conveyor and related items will vary according to the type of system, accessories, and integration requirements. Look for a conveyor system that can be assembled on-site, with standard tools, eliminating the need for time-consuming installation techniques, such as welding.

10. Warranty coverage

Look for a conveyor supplier that offers comprehensive warranty coverage. Many conventional or custom-fabricated conveyors have a limited warranty period. Although this type of warranty can save on purchase price, it is usually a dangerous gamble, especially when an expired warranty affects service response. Purchase a conveyor system that carries a five-year warranty.

If you are still unsure which system will serve you best, consult a conveyor expert. Work with a conveyor manufacturer who will partner with you to design the ideal system for your needs.


Dynamic Conveyor Corporation

Muskegon, Michigan